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Chinese Population


  chinese people  
Chinese Population


China, with more than 1.3 billion people, is the most populous country in the world nowadays. Overall population density of the country is somewhat over 110 people per square kilometer, which is only about one-third that of Japan and less than many other countries in Asia and in Europe. Regional variations, however, are dramatic as over 90 percent of the Chinese population lives on less than 40 percent of the land.

Immediately after the 1949 revolution the Chinese government encouraged its people to have large families in order to increase the work force depleted by years of war. However, production and modernization could not keep up with the growing population, thereby forcing a change in government policy. An extensive birth control program has been in effect since the late 1970s. Nowadays, city-dwellers are required to adhere to the one-child policy, and even in the countryside families rarely have more than two or three children.

  56 ethnics  
56 nationalities get together in the Tiananmen Square


Many people in China are farmers. Many grow rice. China grows more food than any other country. The Chinese also grow tea and soy beans. Many Chinese shop every day in open air markets to get the freshest foods for their family's dinner. Many Chinese people ride bicycles. The streets of China are crowded with bicycles.

China has 340 million families, with 3.63 people per household on average. In general, a Chinese family is composed of a couple and their children, but big families with three or more generations can also be found in China. Along with the pursuit of personal freedom, the trend of forming small families with only directly related members is now prevalent.

In the past, each Chinese family had a "head," who had absolute authority at home, and had the final say in family affairs. But now in most Chinese families, the husband and wife, or a couple with other family members, work out together the household plans, and decide family affairs through consultation.

  rica plowing  
Rice Plowing


Moreover, family members share the housework, making the division of labor at home more reasonable; and the husband and wife support each other's work. The Chinese people have the tradition of respecting the old and loving the young. Though many young couples do not live with their parents, they maintain close contact with them. Grown up children have the duty to support and help their parents. The Chinese people attach great importance to relations between family members and relatives, and cherish their parents, children, brothers and sister, uncles, aunts and other relatives.

Many people still practice the old ways of doing things in China. Some new ways are beginning to find their way into Chinese society, too. China is a country that is becoming more and more important to the nations of the world.

The Chinese people believe the air is most densely charged with vital energy called chi at daybreak, and for thousands around the island the day starts with dawn exercises in parks. Individuals or groups gather to jog, dance, and practice the gentle slow-motion of tai chi chuan or the vigorous gymnastics of kung-fu.

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